Today, many people find themselves inundated by a constant stream of financial news from television, radio, and the Internet. Yet, does all this “information age” data really help you manage your finances any better than in the past? The truth often is that the “old-fashioned” practices, such as periodic financial reviews, are an important contribution to your overall success in the long run. As the year reaches its midpoint, why not spend a few hours reviewing your finances? The changes you make today could have a positive impact on your investment objectives. Here are some important items to cover:
o Analyze your cash flow. When your income is greater than your expenses, the excess is called a positive cash flow. When your expenses exceed your income, the shortfall is termed a negative cash flow. A positive cash flow means that you may have funds you can set aside as savings. A negative cash flow can indicate that it may be a good idea to reorganize your budget to minimize any unnecessary expenses.
o Develop a plan for special goals. For every financial and retirement goal you establish, identify a projected cost, a time horizon (how long it will take to reach the goal), and a funding method (either through savings, liquidating assets, or taking a loan). Consider your goals in terms of a “hierarchy of importance.” The bottom—or “foundation” tier—should include emergency funds to cover at least three months’ worth of living expenses. The middle tier should include such essentials as your children’s education. On the top tier, place less important goals, such as a new car, home renovation, or vacation.
o Boost your retirement savings. Pensions and Social Security may not provide sufficient income to maintain your existing lifestyle when you retire. Thus, it is essential to identify your retirement needs and plan a disciplined saving and investment program for the future. Consider maximizing your contributions to retirement accounts, and if possible, make ‘catch-up” contributions.
o Minimize income taxes. Why give Uncle Sam any more of your money than is necessary? It is in your interest to take advantage of all income tax deductions to which you are entitled. Consider exploring any possible ways of reducing your income taxes. For instance, under appropriate circumstances, losses or expenses from prior years may be carried over to the next tax year. A qualified tax professional can help you implement a tax strategy that meets your needs.
o Beat inflation. Your income and retirement savings must keep pace with inflation in order to maintain your buying power. This means that if the inflation rate is currently 3%, you need to achieve at least a 3% annual increase in income to maintain your buying power. In the long run, a decline in purchasing power will result in a lower standard of living. Thus, you need to be sure your money is hard at work beating inflation.
o Manage unexpected risks. As you undoubtedly know, life can sometimes throw you a “curve ball.” Without warning, a disability or untimely death can cause financial hardship for your family. Adequate insurance is an important foundation for your financial plan—it offers the protection you need to help cover potential risks and liabilities.
o Consult a financial professional. Most individuals could use some help when it comes to making informed decisions in today’s complex financial world. A qualified financial professional can help ensure your financial affairs are consistent with your current and long-term goals and objectives.
A mid-year review can help bring focus to your overall financial picture. In the future, you will have the opportunity to alter your plans as your goals and circumstances change. By faithfully tracking your progress with periodic reviews you will be in a position to realize the future and pursue the retirement of your dreams.
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